CON Contact Us DON Donate
Our History General Assembly Worldwide Outreach Ministries Standards Resources

Question and Answer

Assemblies of God and the OPC


What are the differences between the beliefs of the OPC and the Assemblies of God?


The main difference between the OPC and the Assemblies of God is that the OPC is Calvinistic (Reformed), whereas the Assemblies of God are Arminian. The Reformed view is that man is utterly dead in trespasses and sins and is totally unable to exercise faith in Jesus Christ unless renewed (born again " John 3:3) by the Holy Spirit of God. Further, that regeneration precedes faith (cf. Eph. 2:1-5, 8-10). The Arminian view is that self-generated faith precedes regeneration. The Bible teaches that God the Holy Spirit regenerates the undeserving sinner, enabling him to believe in Jesus Christ; on the basis of this faith the guilty sinner is declared righteous or right with God. The Arminian view held by the Assemblies of God holds that the new birth is the result of the sinner's placing his faith in Jesus Christ. "In response to placing faith in God's love and freely given salvation, one experiences the washing of regeneration (or spiritual rebirth), the renewing work of the Holy Spirit, and is declared righteous" (The Assemblies of God: Our 16 Doctrines, p. 7). In the Bible, regeneration precedes faith (cf. Eph. 2:1-5, 8-10). The Arminian view is that self-generated faith precedes regeneration.

The Reformation view of "sola Scriptura" (the "Bible alone" is the rule of faith and practice) insists that God has given us all things that pertain to life and godliness through the knowledge of Christ, revealed in Scripture (2 Pet. 1:3). The OPC rejects both new revelations of the Spirit (sought in the modern charismatic movement) and traditions of men (held to in Roman Catholicism); see Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF) 1:6. We do not seek to speak in tongues, believing that the gift of tongues as described in the book of Acts was unique to the apostolic age before the completion of the canon of Scripture. To require anyone to believe something because man said it (whether an ancient tradition or a supposed new revelation received five minutes ago) is to lord it over the consciences of God's people and grieve the Holy Spirit of God. A realization that God alone is Lord of the conscience gives Christians true freedom, for liberty is making choices in accordance with the word of God (Jas. 1:25).

Another aspect of "sola Scriptura" is that we believe that God alone has the right to order how we may worship Him. We may do only those things in worship that God has appointed in His word, whether by express teaching or approved example. The biblical elements of worship are enumerated in WCF 21. Aiming to do all things decently and in order, we do not allow women to preach or speak in church meetings or to rule the church, as do the Assemblies of God (1 Cor. 14:33-40; 1 Tim. 2:12).

About Q&A

"Questions and Answers" is a weekly feature of the OPC website. The answers come from individual ministers in the Orthodox Presbyterian Church expressing their own convictions and do not necessarily represent an "official" position of the Church, especially in areas where the Standards of the Church (the Scriptures and the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms) are silent.

The questions come from individuals like yourself. If you have questions about biblical and theological matters, you are invited to send them by e-mail by using the "Pose a Question" link on the OPC home page or by clicking here.

At least one new question is posted each week, so there should always be something new here for you to read. (For those people who would like to look at previous questions and answers, they will continue to be available as well.)

The purpose of the OPC website's "Questions and Answers" is to respond to biblical and theological questions. Matters of church discipline, disputes, or debates go beyond the scope of our work. We recommend that you present your concerns in these areas to the appropriate judicatory. In most cases this will be to a local pastor, elder, or session. We do not want the website to replace personal involvement in, or commitment to, the local, visible church.

While we will respond to every serious questioner, we are not bound to give a substantive answer to every question, should we deem the question to be beyond the scope of our purpose or our own ability to answer.

You will receive an answer by e-mail. Please be patient as many of our respondents are busy pastors. The response to your question may take up to two (2) weeks. Some of the questions submitted will be chosen to be posted here, along with the corresponding answers.

Note that the "Questions and Answers" posted on the site have been edited—all personal references are removed, Scripture references or from some source may be added, and sometimes portions are expanded—to make the questions and answers more useful to a larger audience.

© 2020 The Orthodox Presbyterian Church



Chaplains and Military Personnel

Diaconal Ministries


Inter-Church Relations

Ministerial Care

Planned Giving

Short-Term Missions


Church Directory

Daily Devotional

Audio Sermons

Trinity Hymnal

Camps & Conferences

Gospel Tracts

Book Reviews



Presbyterian Guardian