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Question and Answer

Leavened or unleavened bread for the Lord's Supper?


When I inquired why my church uses yeast bread instead of the unleavened bread traditionally used in the Lord's Supper, I was told that it was because the OPC believes that Christ becomes the leavening agent that causes us to rise. While I am new to the OPC, I am not a new believer. Is this what is taught and believed and how this is backed up in Scripture? I was always taught that Christ fulfilled the Passover and he was The Passover Lamb. He instructs us, "This do in remembrance of me," referring to the seder.


As a denomination, the OPC takes no position with regard to using leavened or unleavened bread in the Lord's Supper: the question is not addressed in our Confession of Faith or Directory for Public Worship. Instead, this is one of those "circumstances concerning the worship of God and government of the church, common to human actions and societies which are to be ordered by the light of nature, and Christian prudence, according to the general rules of the Word, which are always to be observed." (Confession of Faith 1.6) In your question, you set forth an argument for leavened bread which observes the general rules of the Word, and one for unleavened bread which also observes the general rules of the Word. It sounds to me that your session has made its decision in a godly way, seeking to have a Biblical rationale for its choice.

If you need any further clarification on the appropriateness of leavened bread in the Lord's Supper, your elders and pastor would be well-equipped to answer those questions. I pray your participation in this sacrament will continue to build up your faith in our Lord Jesus Christ.

About Q&A

"Questions and Answers" is a weekly feature of the OPC website. The answers come from individual ministers in the Orthodox Presbyterian Church expressing their own convictions and do not necessarily represent an "official" position of the Church, especially in areas where the Standards of the Church (the Scriptures and the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms) are silent.

The questions come from individuals like yourself. If you have questions about biblical and theological matters, you are invited to send them by e-mail by using the "Pose a Question" link on the OPC home page or by clicking here.

At least one new question is posted each week, so there should always be something new here for you to read. (For those people who would like to look at previous questions and answers, they will continue to be available as well.)

The purpose of the OPC website's "Questions and Answers" is to respond to biblical and theological questions. Matters of church discipline, disputes, or debates go beyond the scope of our work. We recommend that you present your concerns in these areas to the appropriate judicatory. In most cases this will be to a local pastor, elder, or session. We do not want the website to replace personal involvement in, or commitment to, the local, visible church.

While we will respond to every serious questioner, we are not bound to give a substantive answer to every question, should we deem the question to be beyond the scope of our purpose or our own ability to answer.

You will receive an answer by e-mail. Please be patient as many of our respondents are busy pastors. The response to your question may take up to two (2) weeks. Some of the questions submitted will be chosen to be posted here, along with the corresponding answers.

Note that the "Questions and Answers" posted on the site have been edited—all personal references are removed, Scripture references or from some source may be added, and sometimes portions are expanded—to make the questions and answers more useful to a larger audience.

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